Medical terminology can be difficult to comprehend and overwhelming. However, it can help you to conceptualize or visualize what a therapist may be suggesting to you in simpler words. Here you will find a comprehensive list of medical terms divided into categories: Medical Conditions, Occupational Therapy, Physical Therapy, and Speech Therapy. There is some overlap across disciplines so search through other categories in you are looking for something specific and cannot locate it. Medical conditions include a list of common diseases and disorders referred to pediatric specialists including: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Cerebral Palsy, Developmental Delays, Down Syndrome, Dyslexia, Fine Motor Delays, Intellectual Disability, Learning Disability, Prematurity, Speech Delays, Visual Motor Delay, and others.

Medical Conditions

There are multiple common medical conditions that are referred to occupational, physical, or speech therapy professionals. Some children may be required to see one or more therapy professionals. Therapeutic professionals may refer children to other disciplines when other conditions are noted during an evaluation or in treatment sessions. Click on the link below for a comprehensive list of definitions for medical conditions commonly referred to therapists. Additional examples include: Apraxia, Asperger’s Syndrome, ADHD, Echolalia, Hypertonia, Hypotonia, Torticollis, etc.


Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapy (OT) is a holistic health care profession that aims to promote health by enabling individuals to perform meaningful and purposeful activities across the lifespan. Occupations of children include: play, learning, and self-care. Occupational therapists (OT’s) typically evaluate and provide treatment in the areas of cognition, fine motor, functional mobility, social interaction, visual perception, coordination, sensory processing, and activities of daily living. Click on the link below for a comprehensive list of medical terminology used by occupational therapists. Examples include: ADL’s, sensory integration, pincer grasp, praxis, ocular motor skills, visual perception, fine motor skills, etc.

Physical Therapy

Physical Therapy (PT) is a health care profession primarily concerned with the remediation of impairments and disabilities and the promotion of mobility, functional ability, quality of life and movement potential through examination, evaluation, diagnosis, and physical intervention carried out by physical therapists and physical therapy assistants. Click on the link below for a comprehensive list of medical terminology used by physical therapists. Examples include: gait training, range of motion, motor coordination, motor planning, muscle tone, tailor sitting, etc.

Speech Therapy

Speech Therapy (ST), formally known as Speech-Language Pathology is a health care profession specializing in the detection and treatment of communication as well as swallowing disorders. Speech-Language pathologists (SLP’s) provide services including assessment and treatment related to cognitive aspects of communication, speech, language, swallowing dysfunction, voice, and sensory awareness related to communication. Click on the link below for a comprehensive list of medical terminology used by speech therapists. Examples include: articulation, auditory processing, eye contact, language, phonology, pragmatics, tongue thrust, etc.

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