Developmental Milestones

  • Children learn new skills every day, and it can be challenging to keep up with when and what they should be doing. This section is dedicated to providing a basic lists of skills acquired by the end of each year of life up until school age. If your child is not achieving goals according to typical development, you may want to take notice and seek a prescription from your primary care physician to have an evaluation completed by a therapist. Areas of development have some overlap across disciplines. In general, cognitive-perceptual (CP), fine motor (FM) and self-care (SC) skills would be addressed by an occupational therapist. Gross motor (GM) skills would be addressed by a physical therapist. Finally, language (LA) and social/emotional (SE) skills would be addressed by a speech therapist.

  • Infants

    CP: Bangs Objects
    FM: Claps hands
    GM: Pulls to stand
    LA: Babbles
    SC: Licks spoon
    SE: Plays peek-a-boo

  • One-year-olds

    CP: Activates toys
    FM: Holds crayon with fingers
    GM: Climbs into adult chairs
    LA: Uses simple phrases
    SC: Sucks through a straw
    SE: Puts away toys

  • Two-year-olds

    CP: Matches colors and shapes
    FM: Snips with scissors
    GM: Throws a ball several feet
    LA: Refers to self by name
    SC: Begins to use a fork
    SE: Shares toys with others

  • Three-year-olds

    CP: Matches letters and numbers
    FM: Draws a cross
    GM: Walks backwards
    LA: Speaks in 3-5 word sentences
    SC: Puts on socks and shoes
    SE: Notices other people’s feelings

  • Four-year-olds

    CP: Imitates 5 to 6-piece block designs
    FM: Draw basic shapes & some letters
    GM: Hops forward on one foot
    LA: Speaks in complex sentences
    SC: Dresses self including fasteners
    SE: Understands concept of lying

  • Five-year-olds

    CP: Understands opposites
    FM: Writes own name
    GM: Jumps rope
    LA: Speaks fluently
    SC: Ties shoelaces
    SE: Distinguishes right from wrong

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